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1 edition of NASA/MSFC Global Reference Atmospheric Model-1995 Version (Gram-95) C.G. Justus (Computer Sciences Corp., Huntsville, Al.) Et al NASA. Marshall Space Flight Center 1 Aug. 1995. found in the catalog.

NASA/MSFC Global Reference Atmospheric Model-1995 Version (Gram-95) C.G. Justus (Computer Sciences Corp., Huntsville, Al.) Et al NASA. Marshall Space Flight Center 1 Aug. 1995.

NASA/MSFC Global Reference Atmospheric Model-1995 Version (Gram-95) C.G. Justus (Computer Sciences Corp., Huntsville, Al.) Et al NASA. Marshall Space Flight Center 1 Aug. 1995.

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Published .
Written in English


Edition Notes

ContributionsUnited States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL17698248M

Reference or standard atmospheric models have long been used for design and mission planning of various aerospace systems. The NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) Global Reference Atmospheric Model (GRAM) was developed in response to the need for a design reference atmosphere that provides complete global geographical variability, and complete altitude coverage . Books to Borrow. Top American Libraries Canadian Libraries Universal Library Community Texts Project Gutenberg Biodiversity Heritage Library Children's Library. Open Library. test Halesowen Chronicle Newspaper Mk News Newspaper Harlow Star Newspaper Kidderminster Chronicle Newspaper Books by Language Additional Collections.

A reference atmospheric model describe how the ideal gas properties (namely: pressure, temperature, density, and molecular weight) of an atmosphere change, primarily as a function of altitude, and sometimes also as a function of latitude, day of year, etc.A static atmospheric model has a more limited domain, excluding time. A standard atmosphere is defined by the World Meteorological. Future Solar Activity Estimates for Use in Prediction of Space Environmental Effects modeled atmospheric density, and the ballistic factor. the NASA Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC.

1. Introduction. At COSPAR , results were presented (Justus et al., ) comparing trace constituent concentrations from NASA Marshall Space Flight Center’s Global Reference Atmospheric Model, GRAM (Justus and Johnson, ) with those from a Naval Research Laboratory global constituent climatology (Summers and Sawchuck, ).Based on results of that comparison, no Cited by: 6. Justus, C. G., D. L. Johnson and B. F. James, A Revised thermosphere for the Mars Global Reference Atmospheric Model (Mars-GRAM version ). NASA TM , July (). Justus, C. G. and M. V. Paris, Modeling Solar Spectral Irradiance and Radiance at the Bottom and Top of a Cloudless by:


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NASA/MSFC Global Reference Atmospheric Model-1995 Version (Gram-95) C.G. Justus (Computer Sciences Corp., Huntsville, Al.) Et al NASA. Marshall Space Flight Center 1 Aug. 1995 Download PDF EPUB FB2

THE NASA/MSFC GLOBAL REFERENCE ATMOSPHERIC MODEL VERSION (GRAM) 1. INTRODUCTION Background and Overview Reference atmospheric models have long been needed for design and mission planning of various aerospace systems.

Standard atmospheres (such as the U.S. Standard Atmosphere). NASA/MSFC global reference atmospheric model version (GRAM).

MSFC, Ala.: National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Marshall Space Flight Center, (OCoLC) Material Type: Government publication, National government publication: Document Type: Book: All Authors / Contributors: C G Justus; George C. Marshall Space. AIREX: The NASA/MSFC Global Reference Atmospheric Model version (GRAM) The latest version of the Global Reference Atmospheric Model (GRAM) is presented and discussed.

GRAM uses the new Global Upper Air Climatic Atlas (GUACA) CD-ROM data set, for 0- to km by: Model (GRAM), was sponsored by the NASA Marshall Space Flight Center through the Environments Group, Engineering Systems Department of the Engineering Directorate.

For those unfamiliar with earlier versions of GRAM, NASA Technical Memorandum "The NASA/MSFC Global Reference Atmospheric Model - Version (GRAM)", NASA TM, is. The NASA Marshall Space Flight Center's Global Reference Atmospheric Model has been updated to a version NASA/MSFC Global Reference Atmospheric Model-1995 Version book.

GRAM has a middle atmosphere (20 to km) climatology based on extensive summaries from Middle Atmosphere Program (MAP) by: 1. The Marshall Engineering Thermosphere Model [Hickey, a, b], as well as the NASA/MSFC Global Reference Atmospheric Model Version [Justus et al., ], were developed on the basis of inputs of the daily cm solar radio flux (F ) and the 3-hourly planetary geomagnetic index (a p) to compute atmospheric density.

Introduction. The NASA/MSFC global reference atmospheric model (GRAM) was originally conceived as a design reference atmosphere incorporating complete global geographical variability, complete altitude coverage (surface to orbital altitudes), and complete seasonal and monthly variability of thermodynamic variables and wind components (Justus et al., ).Cited by: The NASA/Msfc Global Reference Atmospheric Model: Version, Gram [Justus, C.

G., Johnson, D. L., Nasa Technical Reports Server (Ntrs)] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The NASA/Msfc Global Reference Atmospheric Model: Version, GramAuthor: C. Justus, D.

Johnson. PDF | A new () version of the NASA/MSFC Global Reference Atmospheric Model (GRAM) is presented and discussed. GRAM incorporates extensive new | Find, read and cite all the research. The latest version of Global Reference Atmospheric Model (GRAM) is presented and discussed.

GRAM uses either (binary) Global Upper Air Climatic Atlas (GUACA) or (ASCII) Global. The NASA MSFC Earth Global Reference Atmospheric Model Version (GRAM07) Justus C.G., Leslie F.W. Marshall Space Flight Center, Alabama, NASA/TM—.

The NASA/MSFC Global Reference Atmospheric Model - Version (GRAM- 99) [C. Justus] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The NASA/MSFC Global Reference Atmospheric Model - Version (GRAM- 99)Author: C.

Justus. The NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Earth Global Reference Atmospheric Model— Version F.W. Leslie Marshall Space Flight Center, Marshall Space Flight Center, Alabama C.G.

Justus Dynetics Technical Services, Huntsville, Alabama June National Aeronautics and Space Administration Marshall Space Flight Center • MSFC, Alabama NASA/TM—– November The NASA MSFC Earth Global Reference Atmospheric Model— Version C.G. Justus Stanley Associates, Huntsville, AlabamaCited by: NASA RP, Conference Publication 1.

NASA/MSFC FY91 Global Scale Atmospheric Processes Research Review. NASA CP, July F. Leslie(editor)(ES42) Program Technical Memorandum. The NASA/MSFC Global Reference Atmospheric Model Version (GRAM),Part h Technical/Users Manual and Part Ih Program/Data Listings.

NASA TM File Size: 2MB. The item The NASA/MSFC global reference atmospheric model version (GRAM), Part II, Program/data listings, C.G. Justus [and others] represents a specific, individual, material embodiment of a distinct intellectual or artistic creation found in Indiana State Library.

Get this from a library. The NASA/MSFC global reference atmospheric model version (GRAM). [C G Justus; F N Alyea; D M Cunnold; Georgia Institute of Technology. School of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences.; George C. Marshall Space Flight Center.]. The version of the Mars Global Reference Atmospheric Model (Mars-GRAM ) was developed by the Natural Environments Branch, Spacecraft and Vehicle Systems Department, Engineer- ing Directorate, of the NASA Marshall Space Flight Center.

WELCOME to the Marshall Space Flight Center Earth Science Office. We provide integrated scientific understanding of the Earth system to enable better decisions improving the global quality of life.

The ESO's many areas of study are closely related to each other. Like the climate and environment we study, no one aspect stands alone. msfc Document Scope: This specification establishes surface cleanliness requirements for oxygen, fuel, and pneumatic components used in space vehicle fluid systems and associated ground support equipment (GSE) and test facilities.

Memorandum "Mars Global Reference Atmospheric Model (Mars-GRAM ) Programmer's Guide", and NASA TM "A Revised Thermosphere for the Mars Global Reference Atmospheric Model (Mars-GRAM Version )", NASA/TM "Mars.specification: the fusion welding of steels, corrosion and heat resistant alloys.Application Notes - explanatory text of use/application of standard NOT site Feedback.